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To reference this educational web simulation according to the APA style for Web references, use:
Lampotang S, Lizdas D, Gravenstein N, Yavas S (2006): Web Simulation of Fospropofol Pharmacokinetics. Retrieved <insert date of retrieval here>, from University of Florida Department of Anesthesiology Virtual Anesthesia Machine Web site: http://vam.anest.ufl.edu/
Please visit and contribute to our Wiki page on fospropofol pharmacokinetics (PK).
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This interactive simulation of PK is based on a 5-compartment model from Fechner et al, Anesthesiology 99:303-13, 2003. Two compartments are used to model fospropofol PK
and three compartments for propofol PK, including a slow peripheral
compartment. Users can select either the Fechner (default)
or the Gepts model for propofol. Users can adjust the following
variables and visualize the essential effects of their interventions
on fospropofol or propofol concentration in any of the 5 compartments: weight,
infusion rate,infusion duration, dose of initial and second bolus
dose and timing of second bolus.
The first 5 variables can
be adjusted either by the slider bars or by placing the
cursor in the desired number field and manually entering numbers
from the keyboard. To adjust the timing of the second bolus,
click and drag the syringe icon representing the second bolus.
Plot parameters are also user-adjustable. The
range of time durations represented on the X axis can be 20 min,
1 hr, 6 hrs, 24 hrs and 48 hrs. The concentration values
on the Y axis can be plotted on a linear scale or a log 10 scale. The
Y-axis autoscale feature can be toggled off and the Y scale manually
adjusted, if desired.
By default, only the concentration
in the propofol central compartment is plotted. To plot
concentration in other compartments, mouse over the representation
of the desired compartment; click on the “Show” button
that will appear. For sedation, the default values of the
user adjustable lower (ROC – recovery of response to verbal
command) and upper thresholds (LOC – loss of response to
verbal command) are 1.3 and 2.1 mg/L (mcg/ml). Clicking on the
Genetic Polymorphism button generates different plots simulating
the variability between individual patients. The simulation,
once configured to the desired settings, can be saved by clicking
on the “Link to this simulation and settings” icon. This
will modify the URL in the address bar. Cut and paste that
modified URL into email, documents, Powerpoint files or web pages
so that the simulation initializes at the desired settings.